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Gruidae - Cranes



 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Gruiformes
 Family: Gruidae

Crowned CraneThere are 15 bird species in this family. They are large birds with long necks; long legs; and large, straight bills. They are similar in appearance to herons and egrets, but unlike those species, they fly with their necks stretched straight out instead of tucked in. Birds in this family mate for life and have elaborate courtship displays that involve strutting around with their wings outstretched.

Cranes usually live in flocks and some are migratory, while other species stay in one location all year. They eat a wide variety of foods including fish, reptiles, small mammals, amphibians, seeds and berries. They are found in all parts of the world, except Antarctica and South America.


galleryGruidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

None   Whooping Crane - Grus americana Endangered Endangered in US
Sandhill Crane - Grus canadensis Least Concern Asia North America
Common Crane - Grus grus Least Concern

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Black Crowned-crane - Balearica pavonina Vulnerable
Gray Crowned-crane - Balearica regulorum Vulnerable Africa Asia
Whooping Crane - Grus americana Endangered Endangered in US North America
Sarus Crane - Grus antigone Vulnerable Asia Australia
Wattled Crane - Grus carunculatus Vulnerable Africa
Common Crane - Grus grus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
Red-crowned Crane - Grus japonensis Endangered Asia

  Siberian Crane - Grus leucogeranus Critically Endangered Asia
Hooded Crane - Grus monacha Vulnerable Asia
Black-necked Crane - Grus nigricollis Vulnerable Asia
Blue Crane - Grus paradisea Vulnerable Africa
Brolga - Grus rubicunda Least Concern Asia Australia
White-naped Crane - Grus vipio Vulnerable Asia
Demoiselle Crane -  Grus virgo Least Concern Africa Europe