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Eastern Towhee - Pipilo erythrophthalmus



 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes
 Family: Passerellidae
 Genus: Pipilo
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern


Eastern TowheeThe eastern towhee is about seven inches in length. It has red-brown eyes; long black tail feathers; and a small, pointed black bill.

Eastern TowheeThe male eastern towhee has a black head, neck and shoulders; a white chest; and rust-red wings and sides. The female has the same color pattern as the male, but where he is black she is a dark brown.


apThe eastern towhee breeds from southern Manitoba, Canada east to Quebec, Canada and south to the Gulf coast and southern Florida. It winters in the southern part of its range.


Eastern TowheeThe eastern towhee lives in thickets and at the edges of brushy woodlands.



The eastern towhee scratches under leaves looking for food. Nuts, seeds, and fruits make up most of its diet. It also eats some insects.

Life Cycle

Eastern TowheeThe female makes a nest of weeds, leaves, bark, and stems on or near the ground in a well-covered area. Sometimes, the male brings materials for the nest. The female lays two to six eggs. The male sometimes brings the female food during incubation. The female incubates the eggs. The chicks hatch in a little under two weeks and both parents feed them. The chicks fledge when they are 10 to 12 days old. The female usually has two broods a year.


Eastern TowheeEastern towhees have regional accents! An eastern towhee's call varies depending on where it lives. Birds in the east sound nothing like birds in the west.

Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Chris Parrish cc logo