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Andean Cock-of-the-rock - Rupicola peruvianus



 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Cotingidae
 Genus:  Rupicola
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern


Andean Cock of the RockThe Andean cock-of-the-rock is the national bird of Peru. It is a medium-sized perching bird around 12 inches in length. The male Andean cock-of-the-rock has a bright red-orange head, neck, breast, and shoulders. It has a black body, gray wings, and a large disk-shaped crest of feathers that extends over its bill. The female is a brownish-orange over her whole body and has a smaller crest.


mapThe Andean cock-of-the-rock is found in cloud forests in the Andes Mountains in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. A cloud forest is a tropical or subtropical forest that is usually covered by clouds or fog at the canopy level.



Andean Cock of the RockThe Andean cock-of-the-rock is found in humid, rocky forested areas and is often found in ravines near water or by forest streams. It is usually found at elevations of 1,500-8,900 feet.




The Andean cock-of-the-rock eats fruits and berries and occasionally insects.

Life Cycle

Andean Cock of the Rock Andean cock-of-the-rock males gather in groups in a lek in the forest. A lek is an area where animals, usually birds, gather to perform courtship displays. The males try to attract females with a call that sounds like a pig squealing! They also bob up and down, bow, and hop around to display their bright plumage. Males will mate with more than one female. The female builds a nest of mud under a rocky outcrop or in a cave. She lays 2 eggs and incubates them for around 28 days. She cares for the chicks by herself.

Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Scott Olmstead cc logo