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Sciuridae - squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, prairie dogs

ChipmunkThere are around 280 species in this family. They are found in all parts of the world, except Australia and Antarctica. They are found in a variety of habitats. Some species live in trees and others live in burrows under the ground. Most species eat nuts and seeds. Some species may also eat fungi, insects, eggs, and small vertebrate animals. There are three basic types of squirrels. Flying squirrels live in trees. They have a membrane that runs from their front legs to their rear legs that they use to glide from branch to branch. Flying squirrels are usually nocturnal. Tree squirrels spend most of their time in trees have bushy tails. Flying squirrels and tree squirrels are found in habitats with trees. Ground squirrels live on the ground. They have furry, but not bushy tails. They nest in underground burrows. Ground squirrels are found in a variety of habitats including forests and grasslands. Woodchucks, chipmunks, prairie dogs, and marmots are all ground squirrels! Tree squirrels and ground squirrels are active in the day. Some species in this family, like prairie dogs, live in colonies, other species are solitary.

Endangered in NH Endangered in NH

Threatened in NH Threatened in NH

introduced Introduced

Endangered in the US Endangered in US

Threatened in the US Threatened in US


  New Hampshire Species    North/Central American Species
Eastern Chipmunk
Eastern Gray Squirrel
Northern Flying Squirrel
Red Squirrel
Southern Flying Squirrel

Abert's Squirrel
Alaska Marmot
Allen's Chipmunk
Alpine Chipmunk
Arctic Ground Squirrel
Arizona Gray Squirrel
Belding's Ground Squirrel
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
California Chipmunk
California Ground Squirrel
Cascade Golden-Mantled Ground Squirrel
Cliff Chipmunk
Colorado Chipmunk
columbian ground squirrel
Douglas' Squirrel
Fox Squirrel
Franklin's Ground Squirrel
Golden-Mantled Ground Squirrel
Gray-Collared Chipmunk
Gray-Footed Chipmunk
Gunnison's Prairie Dog
Harris's Antelope Squirrel
Hoary Marmot
Hopi Chipmunk
Idaho Ground Squirrel
Least Chipmunk
Lodgepole Chipmunk
Long-Eared Chipmunk
Merriam's Chipmunk
Merriam's Ground Squirrel
Mexican Fox Squirrel
Mexican Ground Squirrel
Mohave Ground Squirrel
Nelson's Antelope Squirrel
Olympic Marmot
Palmer's Chipmunk
Panamint Chipmunk
Piute Ground Squirrel
Red-Tailed Chipmunk
Richardson's Ground Squirrel
Rock Squirrel
Round-Tailed Ground Squirrel
Siskiyou Chipmunk
Sonoma Chipmunk
Spotted Ground Squirrel
Texas Antelope Squirrel
Thirteen-Lined Ground Squirrel
Townsend's Chipmunk
Townsend's Ground Squirrel
Uinta Chipmunk
Uinta Ground Squirrel
Utah Prairie Dog
Vancouver Marmot
Washington Ground Squirrel
Western Gray Squirrel
White-Tailed Antelope Squirrel
White-Tailed Prairie Dog
Wyoming Ground Squirrel
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Yellow-Cheeked Chipmunk
Yellow-Pine Chipmunk