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Estrildidae - Waxbills, Zebra Finches, Firefinches, Parrot Finches



 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Estrildidae

zebra finchThere are about 136 birds in this family. Most are 3-6 inches in length and have cone-shaped bills. They are found in tropical areas of Africa, Asia, and Australia. They are seed and berry eaters and come in a wide variety of colors and patterns.

They build large domed-shaped nests. Many species in this family, like the zebra finch, are kept as caged pets. A number of the species in this family have been introduced into the wild in North America.

galleryEstrildidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in the Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

  Red Avadavat - Amandava amandava Least Concern
Lavender Waxbill - Estrilda caerulescens Least Concern
Orange-cheeked Waxbill - Estrilda melpoda Least Concern
Bronze Munia - Lonchura cucullata Least Concern
White-throated Munia - Lonchura malabarica Least Concern
Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulata Least Concern
Red-cheeked Cordonbleu - Uraeginthus bengalus Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Red-headed Finch - Amadina erythrocephala Least Concern Africa
Cut-throat - Amadina fasciata Least Concern Africa
Red Avadavat - Amandava amandava Least Concern Africa Asia North America
Green Avadavat - Amandava formosa Vulnerable Asia
Zebra Waxbill - Amandava subflava Least Concern Africa Asia
Brown Twinspot - Clytospiza monteiri Least Concern Africa
Dusky Crimson-wing - Cryptospiza jacksoni Least Concern Africa
Red-faced Crimson-wing - Cryptospiza reichenovii Least Concern Africa
Abyssinian Crimson-wing - Cryptospiza salvadorii Least Concern Africa
Shelley's Crimson-wing - Cryptospiza shelleyi Vulnerable Africa
Painted Firetail - Emblema pictum Least Concern Australia
Red-eared Parrotfinch - Erythrura coloria Near Threatened Asia
Red-headed Parrotfinch - Erythrura cyaneovirens Least Concern Australia
Gouldian Finch - Erythrura gouldiae Endangered Australia
Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch - Erythrura hyperythra Least Concern Asia
Pink-billed Parrotfinch - Erythrura kleinschmidti Vulnerable Australia
Papuan Parrotfinch - Erythrura papuana Least Concern Asia Australia
Fiji Parrotfinch - Erythrura pealii Least Concern Australia
Pin-tailed Parrotfinch - Erythrura prasina Least Concern Asia
Red-throated Parrotfinch - Erythrura psittacea Least Concern Australia
Royal Parrotfinch - Erythrura regia Vulnerable Australia
Blue-faced Parrotfinch - Erythrura trichroa Least Concern Asia Australia
Tricolored Parrotfinch - Erythrura tricolor Least Concern Asia
Green-faced Parrotfinch - Erythrura viridifacies Vulnerable Asia
Common Waxbill - Estrilda astrild Least Concern Africa Asia
Black-headed Waxbill - Estrilda atricapilla Least Concern Africa
Lavender Waxbill - Estrilda caerulescens Least Concern Africa North America
Red-rumped Waxbill - Estrilda charmosyna Least Concern Africa
Black-cheeked Waxbill - Estrilda erythronotos Least Concern Africa
Swee Waxbill - Estrilda melanotis Least Concern Africa
Orange-cheeked Waxbill - Estrilda melpoda Least Concern Africa North America
Black-lored Waxbill - Estrilda nigriloris [dd] Africa
Black-crowned Waxbill - Estrilda nonnula Least Concern Africa
Fawn-breasted Waxbill - Estrilda paludicola Least Concern Africa
Black-tailed Waxbill - Estrilda perreini Least Concern Africa
Anambra Waxbill - Estrilda poliopareia Vulnerable Africa
Crimson-rumped Waxbill - Estrilda rhodopyga Least Concern Africa
Arabian Waxbill - Estrilda rufibarba Least Concern Asia
Cinderella Waxbill - Estrilda thomensis Near Threatened Africa
Black-rumped Waxbill - Estrilda troglodytes Least Concern Africa
Dusky Twinspot - Euschistospiza cinereovinacea Least Concern Africa
Dybowski's Twinspot - Euschistospiza dybowskii Least Concern Africa
Pictorella Munia - Heteromunia pectoralis Least Concern Australia
Pink-throated Twinspot - Hypargos margaritatus Least Concern Africa
Peters's Twinspot - Hypargos niveoguttatus Least Concern Africa
Pale-billed Firefinch - Lagonosticta landanae Least Concern Africa
Black-throated Firefinch - Lagonosticta larvata Least Concern Africa
Brown Firefinch - Lagonosticta nitidula Least Concern Africa
Black-bellied Firefinch - Lagonosticta rara Least Concern Africa
Jameson's Firefinch - Lagonosticta rhodopareia Least Concern Africa
African Firefinch - Lagonosticta rubricata Least Concern Africa
Bar-breasted Firefinch - Lagonosticta rufopicta Least Concern Africa
Rock Firefinch - Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis Least Concern Africa
Red-billed Firefinch - Lagonosticta senegala Least Concern Africa
Mali Firefinch - Lagonosticta virata Least Concern Africa
Chestnut Munia - Lonchura atricapilla Least Concern Asia
Black-and-white Munia - Lonchura bicolor Least Concern Africa
Gray-headed Munia - Lonchura caniceps Least Concern Australia
African Silverbill - Lonchura cantans Least Concern Africa Asia
Chestnut-breasted Munia-Lonchura castaneothorax Least Concern Asia Australia
Bronze Munia - Lonchura cucullata Least Concern Africa North America
White-capped Munia - Lonchura ferruginosa Least Concern Asia
Yellow-rumped Munia - Lonchura flaviprymna Least Concern Australia
New Ireland Munia - Lonchura forbesi Least Concern Australia
Magpie Munia - Lonchura fringilloides Least Concern Africa
Dusky Munia - Lonchura fuscans Least Concern Asia
Grand Munia - Lonchura grandis Least Concern Asia Australia
Gray-headed Silverbill - Lonchura griseicapilla Least Concern Africa
  Mottled Munia - Lonchura hunsteini Least Concern Australia
Black-throated Munia - Lonchura kelaarti Least Concern Asia
White-bellied Munia - Lonchura leucogastra Least Concern Asia
Javan Munia - Lonchura leucogastroides Least Concern Asia
White-spotted Munia - Lonchura leucosticta Least Concern Asia
White-headed Munia - Lonchura maja Least Concern Asia
White-throated Munia - Lonchura malabarica Least Concern Asia North America
Tricolored Munia - Lonchura malacca Least Concern Asia
Bismarck Munia - Lonchura melaena Least Concern Australia
Black-faced Munia - Lonchura molucca Least Concern Asia
Snow Mountain Munia - Lonchura montana Least Concern Asia Australia
Alpine Munia - Lonchura monticola Least Concern Australia
Madagascar Munia - Lonchura nana Least Concern Africa
Gray-crowned Munia - Lonchura nevermanni Least Concern Asia Australia
New Hanover Munia - Lonchura nigerrima Least Concern Australia
Brown-backed Munia - Lonchura nigriceps Least Concern Africa Asia
Pale-headed Munia - Lonchura pallida Least Concern
Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulata Least Concern Asia Australia North America
Five-colored Munia - Lonchura quinticolor Least Concern Asia
Hooded Munia - Lonchura spectabilis Least Concern Asia Australia
White-rumped Munia - Lonchura striata Least Concern Asia
Black Munia - Lonchura stygia Near Threatened Asia Australia
Black-breasted Munia - Lonchura teerinki Least Concern Asia
Streak-headed Munia - Lonchura tristissima Least Concern Asia Australia
Gray-banded Munia - Lonchura vana Vulnerable Asia
Green-backed Twinspot - Mandingoa nitidula Least Concern Africa
Plum-headed Finch - Neochmia modesta Least Concern Australia
Crimson Finch - Neochmia phaeton Least Concern Asia Australia
Star Finch - Neochmia ruficauda Near Threatened Australia
Red-browed Finch - Neochmia temporalis Least Concern Australia
White-collared Oliveback - Nesocharis ansorgei Least Concern Africa
White-cheeked Oliveback - Nesocharis capistrata Least Concern Africa
Fernando Po Oliveback - Nesocharis shelleyi Least Concern Africa
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch - Nigrita bicolor Least Concern Africa
Gray-headed Negrofinch - Nigrita canicapillus Least Concern
White-breasted Negrofinch - Nigrita fusconotus Least Concern Africa
Pale-fronted Negrofinch - Nigrita luteifrons Least Concern Africa
Mountain Firetail - Oreostruthus fuliginosus Least Concern Asia Australia
Ortygospiza atricollis Least Concern Africa
Locust Finch - Ortygospiza locustella Least Concern Africa
Timor Sparrow - Padda fuscata Near Threatened Asia
Java Sparrow - Padda oryzivora Vulnerable Asia
Jameson's Antpecker - Parmoptila jamesoni Least Concern Africa
Red-fronted Antpecker - Parmoptila rubrifrons Near Threatened Africa
Woodhouse's Antpecker - Parmoptila woodhousei Least Concern Africa
Long-tailed Finch - Poephila acuticauda Least Concern Australia
Black-throated Finch - Poephila cincta Near Threatened Australia
Masked Finch - Poephila personata Least Concern Australia
Lesser Seedcracker - Pyrenestes minor Least Concern Africa
Black-bellied Seedcracker - Pyrenestes ostrinus Least Concern Africa
Crimson Seedcracker - Pyrenestes sanguineus Least Concern Africa
Orange-winged Pytilia - Pytilia afra Least Concern Africa
Red-faced Pytilia - Pytilia hypogrammica Least Concern Africa
Green-winged Pytilia - Pytilia melba Least Concern Africa
Red-winged Pytilia - Pytilia phoenicoptera Least Concern Africa
Western Bluebill - Spermophaga haematina Least Concern Africa
Grant's Bluebill - Spermophaga poliogenys Least Concern Africa
Red-headed Bluebill - Spermophaga ruficapilla Least Concern Africa
Beautiful Firetail - Stagonopleura bella Least Concern Australia
Diamond Firetail - Stagonopleura guttata Near Threatened Australia
Red-eared Firetail - Stagonopleura oculata Least Concern Australia
Double-barred Finch - Taeniopygia bichenovii Least Concern Australia
Zebra Finch - Taeniopygia guttata Least Concern Asia Australia
Blue-breasted Cordonbleu - Uraeginthus angolensis Least Concern Africa
Red-cheeked Cordonbleu - Uraeginthus bengalus Least Concern Africa North America
Blue-capped Cordonbleu - Uraeginthus cyanocephalus Least Concern Africa
Common Grenadier - Uraeginthus granatinus Least Concern Africa
Purple Grenadier - Uraeginthus ianthinogaster Least Concern Africa