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Cinclidae - Dippers



 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Cinclidae

American DipperThis family of birds includes five species. They are found in North and South America, Asia, and Europe. They are usually found near rivers, streams, or lakes.

Dippers have plump bodies and are about 5-8 inches in length. They have straight, pointed bills; short, stubby wings; and a short, square or rounded tail. They are brown, gray, or black, and some species have white patches on their throat, chest, and head. Males and females look alike.

They have waterproof feathers and can dive and swim underwater for up to ten seconds. Dippers dive underwater and walk on the bottom as they probe for food. They eat crustaceans, insects, and insect larvae.

The American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus) is the only species found in North America. It is found from Northern Alaska south through the mountains of the west. It lives near fast-moving streams. It is about eight inches in length and is gray with a short, stubby tail.

galleryCinclidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

  American Dipper - Cinclus mexicanus Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

White-throated Dipper - Cinclus cinclus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
White-capped Dipper - Cinclus leucocephalus Least Concern South America
American Dipper - Cinclus mexicanus Least Concern North America
  Brown Dipper - Cinclus pallasii Least Concern Asia
Rufous-throated Dipper - Cinclus schulzi Vulnerable South America