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Certhiidae - Treecreepers



 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes
 Family: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperThere are 10 species of birds in this family. They are 3.5-7.5 inches in length and have slender bodies. They live in woodlands in Eurasia, Africa, and North America. They are brown on their uppersides and white on their undersides. Treecreepers have long, thin, curved bills that they use to probe for insects in the bark of trees. They cling to the sides of trees, like woodpeckers, as they look for food. They have long, stiff tail feathers that help them stay vertical on trees.

The brown creeper (Certhia americana) is the only species found in North America. It is found throughout North America from Canada and Alaska south to Nicaragua. The brown creeper lives in coniferous forests and mixed forests. It is 5-6 inches in length and is a streaked brown on its uppersides and white on it undersides. It has a white stripe above its eyes; a long, curved bill; and small legs and feet. It has a long, stiff tail that helps it creep up and balance on the sides of trees. It creeps up a tree trunk in a spiral, probing for insects as it goes, and then drops down and goes to the base of another tree and starts creeping up in a spiral again.

galleryCerthiidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

Brown Creeper - Certhia americana   Least Concern breeds in nh

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Brown Creeper - Certhia americana   Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Short-toed Treecreeper - Certhia brachydactyla Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Brown-throated Treecreeper - Certhia discolor   Least Concern Asia
Eurasian Treecreeper - Certhia familiaris   Least Concern Asia Europe
Bar-tailed Treecreeper - Certhia himalayana   Least Concern Asia
  Hodgson's Treecreeper - Certhia hodgsoni   Least Concern Asia
Manipur Treecreeper - Certhia manipurensis   Least Concern Asia
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper - Certhia nipalensis   Least Concern Asia
Sichuan Treecreeper - Certhia tianquanensis   Near Threatened Asia
Spotted Treecreeper - Salpornis spilonotus   Least Concern Africa Asia