Wildlife Journal Junior!
New Hampshire PBS

Home       |       Wild Files       |       N.H. Animals       |       Animals A-Z       |       Watch Online

Sturnidae - starlings, mynas, oxpeckers

European StarlingThere are around 114 species of birds in this family. They are native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, but have been introduced to other parts of the world. They range in size from 6-14 inches in length. The birds in this order have a long, cone-shaped bills; long, pointed wings; glossy feathers with a metallic sheen; and short tails. Most of the birds in this family gather in flocks and are very noisy! Most species forage for food on the ground and eat insects and seeds. The European starling was introduced to North America in the 1890s when about 100 of them were let loose in Central Park in New York City by a group that wanted to establish in North America all of the birds mentioned in Shakespeare's works. Since then the European starling has spread to all parts of the United States, most of Canada, and parts of Northern Mexico. It is estimated that there are over 200 million of them in North America. .

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered
extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

European Starling - Sturnus vulgaris Least Concern breeds in NH Introduced
  Common Myna - Acridotheres tristis Least Concern Introduced
Hill Myna - Gracula religiosa Least Concern Introduced

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH

Collared Myna -Acridotheres albocinctus Least Concern Asia
Pale-bellied Myna - Acridotheres cinereus Least Concern Asia
Crested Myna - Acridotheres cristatellus Least Concern Asia
Jungle Myna - Acridotheres fuscus Least Concern Asia
Bank Myna - Acridotheres ginginianus Least Concern Asia
White-vented Myna - Acridotheres grandis Least Concern Asia
Common Myna - Acridotheres tristis Least Concern Asia North America
Golden-crested Myna - Ampeliceps coronatus Least Concern Asia
Samoan Starling - Aplonis atrifusca Least Concern Australia
White-eyed Starling - Aplonis brunneicapillus Endangered Australia
Singing Starling - Aplonis cantoroides Least Concern Asia Australia
Rarotonga Starling - Aplonis cinerascens Vulnerable Australia
Kosrae Starling - Aplonis corvina extinct in the wild Australia
Tanimbar Starling - Aplonis crassa Near Threatened Asia
San Cristobal Starling - Aplonis dichroa Least Concern Australia
Atoll Starling - Aplonis feadensis Near Threatened Australia
Norfolk Island Starling - Aplonis fusca extinct in the wild Australia
Brown-winged Starling - Aplonis grandis Least Concern Australia
Rennell Starling - Aplonis insularis Least Concern Australia
Long-tailed Starling - Aplonis magna Least Concern Asia
Mysterious Starling - Aplonis mavornata extinct in the wild Australia
Metallic Starling - Aplonis metallica Least Concern Asia Australia
Short-tailed Starling - Aplonis minor Least Concern Asia
Moluccan Starling - Aplonis mysolensis Least Concern Asia
Yellow-eyed Starling - Aplonis mystacea Near Threatened Asia Australia
Micronesian Starling - Aplonis opaca Least Concern Australia
Asian Glossy Starling - Aplonis panayensis Least Concern Asia
Pohnpei Starling - Aplonis pelzelni Critically Endangered Australia
Santo Starling - Aplonis santovestris Vulnerable Australia
Striated Starling - Aplonis striata Least Concern Australia
Polynesian Starling - Aplonis tabuensis Least Concern Australia
Rusty-winged Starling - Aplonis zelandica Near Threatened Australia
Sulawesi Myna - Basilornis celebensis Least Concern Asia
Long-crested Myna - Basilornis corythaix Least Concern Asia
Helmeted Myna - Basilornis galeatus Near Threatened Asia
Apo Myna - Basilornis mirandus Near Threatened Asia
Yellow-billed Oxpecker - Buphagus africanus Least Concern Africa
Red-billed Oxpecker - Buphagus erythrorhynchus Least Concern Africa
Abbott's Starling - Cinnyricinclus femoralis Vulnerable Africa
Violet-backed Starling - Cinnyricinclus leucogaster Least Concern Africa Asia
Sharpe's Starling - Cinnyricinclus sharpii Least Concern Africa
Emerald Starling - Coccycolius iris [dd] Africa
Golden-breasted Starling - Cosmopsarus regius Least Concern Africa
Ashy Starling - Cosmopsarus unicolor Least Concern Africa
Wattled Starling - Creatophora cinerea Least Concern Africa Asia
Fiery-browed Myna - Enodes erythrophris Least Concern Asia
Reunion Starling - Fregilupus varius extinct in the wild Africa
Sri Lanka Myna - Gracula ptilogenys Near Threatened Asia
Hill Myna - Gracula religiosa Least Concern Asia North America
White-collared Starling - Grafisia torquata Least Concern Africa
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis acuticaudus Least Concern Africa
Burchell's Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis australis Least Concern Africa
Long-tailed Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis caudatus Least Concern Africa
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis chalcurus Least Concern Africa
Greater Blue-eared Glossy-starling-Lamprotornis chalybaeus Least Concern Africa
Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-starling -Lamprotornis chloropterus Least Concern Africa
Black-bellied Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis corruscus Least Concern Africa

Copper-tailed Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis cupreocauda Near Threatened Africa
Southern Blue-eared Glossy-starling-Lamprotornis elisabeth Least Concern Africa

  Hildebrandt's Starling - Lamprotornis hildebrandti Least Concern Africa
Meves's Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis mevesii Least Concern Africa
Red-shouldered Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis nitens Least Concern Africa
Principe Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis ornatus Least Concern Africa
Chestnut-bellied Starling - Lamprotornis pulcher Least Concern Africa
Purple-headed Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis purpureiceps Least Concern Africa
Purple Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis purpureus Least Concern Africa
Rueppell's Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis purpuroptera Least Concern Africa
Shelley's Starling - Lamprotornis shelleyi Least Concern Africa
Splendid Glossy-starling - Lamprotornis splendidus Least Concern Africa
Superb Starling - Lamprotornis superbus Least Concern Africa
Bali Starling - Leucopsar rothschildi Critically Endangered Asia
Golden Myna - Mino anais Least Concern Asia Australia
Yellow-faced Myna - Mino dumontii Least Concern Asia Australia
Rodrigues Starling - Necropsar rodericanus extinct in the wild Africa
Babbling Starling - Neocichla gutturalis Least Concern Africa
White-billed Starling - Onychognathus albirostris Least Concern Africa
Somali Starling - Onychognathus blythii Least Concern Africa Asia
Socotra Starling - Onychognathus frater Least Concern Asia
Chestnut-winged Starling - Onychognathus fulgidus Least Concern Africa
Red-winged Starling - Onychognathus morio Least Concern Africa
Pale-winged Starling - Onychognathus nabouroup Least Concern Africa
Bristle-crowned Starling - Onychognathus salvadorii Least Concern Africa
Slender-billed Starling - Onychognathus tenuirostris Least Concern Africa
Tristram's Starling - Onychognathus tristramii Least Concern Africa Asia
Waller's Starling - Onychognathus walleri Least Concern Africa
Kenrick's Starling - Poeoptera kenricki Least Concern Africa
Narrow-tailed Starling - Poeoptera lugubris Least Concern Africa
Stuhlmann's Starling - Poeoptera stuhlmanni Least Concern Africa
Coleto - Sarcops calvus Least Concern Asia
Madagascar Starling - Saroglossa aurata Least Concern Africa
Spot-winged Starling - Saroglossa spiloptera Least Concern Asia
Finch-billed Myna - Scissirostrum dubium Least Concern Asia
Magpie Starling - Speculipastor bicolor Least Concern Africa
White-crowned Starling - Spreo albicapillus Least Concern Africa
African Pied Starling - Spreo bicolor Least Concern Africa
Fischer's Starling - Spreo fischeri Least Concern Africa
Bare-eyed Myna - Streptocitta albertinae Near Threatened Asia
White-necked Myna - Streptocitta albicollis Least Concern Asia
White-faced Starling - Sturnus albofrontatus Vulnerable Asia
Vinous-breasted Starling - Sturnus burmannicus Least Concern Asia
White-cheeked Starling - Sturnus cineraceus Least Concern Asia
Asian Pied Starling - Sturnus contra Least Concern Asia
White-headed Starling - Sturnus erythropygius Least Concern Asia
Chestnut-tailed Starling - Sturnus malabaricus Least Concern Asia
Black-winged Starling - Sturnus melanopterus Critically Endangered Asia
Black-collared Starling - Sturnus nigricollis Least Concern Asia
Brahminy Starling - Sturnus pagodarum Least Concern Asia
Chestnut-cheeked Starling - Sturnus philippensis Least Concern Asia
Rosy Starling - Sturnus roseus Least Concern Asia Europe
Red-billed Starling - Sturnus sericeus Least Concern Asia
White-shouldered Starling - Sturnus sinensis Least Concern Asia
Purple-backed Starling - Sturnus sturninus Least Concern Asia
Spotless Starling - Sturnus unicolor Least Concern Africa Europe
European Starling - Sturnus vulgaris Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
New Hampshire Species